DEUTSCHER, ISAAC


DEUTSCHER, ISAAC
DEUTSCHER, ISAAC (1907–1967), British Marxist historian and political scientist. Born in Cracow, Poland, Deutscher had a strictly Orthodox education and upbringing. In his youth he was a Hebrew-speaking Zionist and even translated modern Hebrew poetry into Polish. From 1926 he was a member of the illegal Communist Party in Poland, ultimately serving as the party's clandestine editor of several legal periodicals which secretly accepted Communist guidance. In 1932, when he disobeyed party orders and in the periodicals refused to brand the Social-Democrats as "Social-Fascists" and the principal enemies of the working class, he was expelled from the Communist Party. For several years he displayed leanings toward Trotskyism. In 1939, before the outbreak of World War II, he went to London, where he was on the editorial staff of the Economist and the Observer (under the pen name "Peregrine"). Later he devoted himself to historical research and acquired an international reputation as the political biographer of stalin and trotsky and an expert on Soviet Russia and Communism. Deutscher remained a Marxist although he became famous for his writings and lectures in which he exposed the brutality of the Stalin regime. In 1953 he visited Israel and showed understanding and sympathy for Jewish national independence after the Nazi Holocaust. But later he became again sharply opposed to Zionism and lost no opportunity of attacking Israel for its ultranationalism and for being nationalist in a world becoming increasingly supranational. It has been said that Deutscher's attempt to secure a chair at Sussex   University in 1963 was thwarted by sir isaiah berlin , who spoke strongly against him as a member of the appointments panel. Deutscher never held a continuing position at a British university. In The Non-Jewish Jew and Other Essays (published posthumously, 1968) Deutscher discussed the heritage of European Jewry as he saw it and defined such personalities as spinoza , marx , freud , and Trotsky as "non-Jewish" Jews; the phrase has become proverbial. Despite this attitude, Deutscher in his essays treated life in the small Jewish towns with tenderness and sympathy and had a warm feeling for the Jewish working masses. His works include Stalin, a Political Biography (1949), Russia after Stalin (1953), The Great Contest: Russia and the West (1960), a trilogy on the life of L. Trotsky – The Prophet Armed (1954), The Prophet Unarmed (1959), and The Prophet Outcast (1963) – and Unfinished Revolution: Russia, 1917–1967 (1967). A collection of his essays, Marxism, Wars, and Revolution: Essay from Four Decades, edited by Tamara Deutscher, was published in 1984. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Lazar, Rashim be-Yisrael, 2 (1955), 315–20; T. Deutscher, in: I. Deutscher, The Non-Jewish Jew and other Essays (1968), introd. and preface. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D.J. Horowitz, Isaac Deutscher: The Man and His Work (1971); ODNB online. (Moshe Rosetti)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Deutscher, Isaac — (1907–67)    Polish political thinker. Deutscher was born near Krakow and was educated at Yeshivah and Krakow University. He joined the Polish Communist party in 1926, but was expelled in 1932 after he suggested concerted action against the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Deutscher, Isaac — (1907–1967)    Born in Poland, Deutscher became a major Marxist scholar and writer, producing classic biographies of Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky. He joined the Polish Communist Party (PCP) in Warsaw in 1927, but was expelled in 1932 for… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Deutscher, Isaac — (1907 67)    British historian and political scientist. He was born in Krakow. He was a member of the communist party in Poland, but was expelled, and in 1939 went to London, where he was on the editorial staff of the Economist and the Observer.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Isaac Deutscher — (auch: Isaak Deutscher; * 3. April 1907 in Chrzanów, Galizien, Österreich Ungarn; † 19. August 1967 in Rom) war ein marxistischer Schriftsteller und Journalist, Historiker des Kommunismus und zeitweiliger Antizionist.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deutscher — Boche (frz.) (derb); Piefke (österr.) (derb); Teutone; Kraut (engl.) (derb) * * * Deutscher [ dɔy̮tʃ̮ɐ], der Deutsche/ein Deutscher; des/eines Deutschen, die Deutschen/zwei Deutsche: Angehöriger des deutschen Volkes, aus Deutschland stammende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isaac Asimov — Isaac Asimov, 1965 Isaac Asimov (engl. Aussprache: [ˈaɪzək ˈæzɪmɔv]; * 2. Januar 1920 in Petrowitschi; † 6. April 1992 in New York) war ein russisch amerikanischer Biochemiker, Sachbuchautor und einer de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Deutscher — (b. 3 April 1907 ndash; 19 August 1967) was a British journalist, historian and political activist of Polish Jewish birth. He became well known as the biographer of Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin and as a commentator on Soviet affairs.Early… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Deutscher — Isaac Deutscher, né le 3 avril 1907 à Chrzanów (Pologne) et mort le 19 août 1967 à Rome, est un journaliste et un historien anglais d origine polonaise, connu comme le biographe de Léon Trotsky et Joseph Staline. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac B. Singer — Isaac Bashevis Singer Isaac Bashevis Singer (Ji. יצחק בשביס זינגר)‎ (* 14. Juli 1904 in Radzymin (Polnisch: Radzym), Polen; † 24. Juli 1991 in Miami, Florida) war ein polnisch US amerikanischer Schriftsteller jüdischen Glaubens. Seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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